Harvard University Herbarium

Museum d’Histoire Naturelle

Steere Herbarium at the New York Botanical Garden

C.V Starr Virtual Herbarium (International Plant Science Center) at the New York Botanical Garden

Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew

Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève

Missouri Botanical Gardens

Komarov Botanical Institute

Natural History Museum, London

Swedish Museum of Natural History

United States National Herbarium (Smithsonian Institution)

Nationaal Herbarium Nederland

Université Montpellier

Université Claude Bernard

National Botanic Garden of Belgium

University of Helsinki

Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Zentraleinrichtung der Freien Universität Berlin

The Field Museum

University of Copenhagen

Chinese National Herbarium

University and Jepson Herbaria


International Plant Name Index

Angiosperm Phylogeny Website


GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network, USDA)

Online Flora

Tropicos (Missouri Botanical Garden)

Flora Europaea (RBG-Edinburgh)

Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (Smithsonian Institution)

Flora of Israel Online (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, France

Flora of Kaxil Kiuic (Yucatan, Mexico)

Wisflora: Wisconsin Vascular Plant Species

Flora iberica

Tele Botanica

Laboratorio Darwinion

Dieren, planten en paddenstoelen in Nederland (Animals, Plants, and Fungi)

Flora of China 中国植物志 (Chinese Version)


Neotropical Herbarium Specimens (Spanish & English), Field Museum

Flora of China

Inside Wood

Wood Anatomy of Central European Species

Charcoal Analysis Web (Eleni Asouti)

Tervuren xylarium wood database

Wood Anatomy and more (Andreas Heiss)

University of Missouri Phytolith Database

UCL phytolith database

Terry Ball's Phytolith webpage

M.Blinnikov's phytolith gallery

Colonial Williamsburg Phytolith database


University of Sheffield Starch Wiki

More coming soon!


Near Eastern Archaeobotany (George Willcox)

Seed ID Workshop (Ohio State University)

Discover Seeds (Colorado State University)

Laboratory Guide to Archaeological Plant Remains from Eastern N America (Gayle Fritz)

USDA Family Guide for fruits and seeds

Crow Canyon, seed identification images

Arable Seed Identification System (Scottish Crop Research Institute)

Digital Atlas of the Netherlands

Harvard Seed Herbarium Initiative(SHIP)

Kevin's Leonard's reference collection


European Pollen Reference Collection at the University of Oxford

CUPOD - Cambridge University Palynological Online Database

Databases of Archaeological Remains

Archaeology Data Service (University of York)

Archaeobotanical Database of Eastern Mediterannean and Near Eastern Sites

Archaeobotanical Computer Database (ABCD)k, British Isles

Native American Ethnobotany Database

Ancient Maya Botanical Research (Charles Zidar)

Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases

Plants for a future

Hawaiian Ethnobotany Online Database (Bishop Museum)


BECbase(Collaborative effort between several labs at Northern Arizona University, the National Park Service, the United States Geological Survey)
Houses information on reference collections of macrobotanical remains and pollen from National Arizona University.

Bibliographies and links to other pages

Literature on archaeological remains of cultivated plants 1981-2004 (Helmut Kroll)

Bibliographies of Near Eastern Archaeobotanical remains (Naomi Miller)

BIAB online: British and Irish Archaeological Bibliography

Ancient Grains( Delwen Samuel and Mark Nesbitt)

Societies and Meetings
International Work Group for Paleoethnobotany

Society of Ethnobiology

Society for Economic Botany

International Association of Wood Anatomists (IAWA)


Vegetation History and Archaeobotany

Journal of Ethnobiology

Economic Botany

Archaeobotany blogs

The Archaeobotanist (Dorian Fuller’s blog on current publications in archaeobotany)

Japanese Archaeobotany (A blog introducing Japanese Archaeobotany. Keeps a good log of current conferences and publications relating to Japan)

Vaviblog ( A posthumous blog of Vavilov’s journal entries)

Etnobotanik (Fusun Ertuğ’s blog on Archaeobotany in Turkey. (In Turkish)

For webpages of individuals please see the list of contributors. If you do not see a resource listed here please contact us at to have it added to the list